Thursday, July 20, 2017

Re: USA Africa Dialogue Series - VC begs Nigerian govt forrelocationof herdsmen, cattle from UNIABUJA campus [ Fulani ColonizationCrisis inNigeria ]

Toyin:
You have NEVER presented any  shred of evidence that Buhari supports their activities  the way Farooq presented evidence of Buharis antipathy to  Biafranists yet you keep on repeating the defamation and guilt by ethnic association.



Sent from my Samsung Galaxy smartphone.


-------- Original message --------
From: Oluwatoyin Vincent Adepoju <toyin.adepoju@gmail.com>
Date: 20/07/2017 20:34 (GMT+00:00)
To: usaafricadialogue <usaafricadialogue@googlegroups.com>
Subject: Re: USA Africa Dialogue Series - VC begs Nigerian govt forrelocationof  herdsmen, cattle from UNIABUJA campus [ Fulani ColonizationCrisis inNigeria ]

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What is my argument?

That what we are witnessing is a systematic terrorist, colonising agenda by Fulani militia, using herdsmen as an arrowhead, and supported by Hausa-Fulani politicians, with Buhari at the head.

Do you have any evidence that negates that in the light of the history of this phenomenon?

Moses is invoking Benue and Ekiti without addressing the desperation that drove those states to self help measures in the face of fed govt collusion with this terrorism.

Its only when we can address the mix of systematic massacre coupled with govt support for this terrorist drive that anyone should be taken seriously.

A response that describe efforts to address this scourge that has made the nation catch fire and led to the death of thousands, leading to Benue elders calling to avert impending war   as 'Constantly insulting all Fulani herdsmen as terrorists and sensationalizing the violence'' ís not worth  taking seriously.

toyin




On 21 July 2017 at 02:20, Moses Ebe Ochonu <meochonu@gmail.com> wrote:
I too I'm quite uncomfortable with inflammatory and Othering rhetoric of Toyin regarding herdsmen. As someone who is from the region devastated by herdsmen violence and who has written to criticize the open grazing model and called for the ranching solution, I do not see how demonizing Fulani herdsmen in such broad, general terms serves any purpose. People in my state of Benue, Ekiti, and others are already working to sensibly solve the problem through the legislative route. Constantly insulting all Fulani herdsmen as terrorists and sensationalizing the violence that has marked their recent grazing activities in the Middle Belt and Southern Nigeria can only undermine these common sense legislative measures being carried out by affected states in the face of the inertia of the federal government. Fulani herdsmen have been part of the Nigerian ecosystem for a long time, even before were were born. There were and still are productive interactions between them and farmers all over the country. In fact one could argue that the herdsmen making trouble are detached from those historic communities of nomadic Fulani who respected their host communities, sought their permission and protection, and submitted themselves to the juridical authorities of their traditional institutions. Clearly, something has been happening in the Sahel lately to destabilize the equilibrium of these historical interactions and produce a new group of belligerent herdsmen, which has, through their aggression, even undermined the interests of the historic and familiar Fulani nomads who do not cause trouble and want to live in peace with host communities. As we say in Nigerian pidgin parlance, the trouble-making, AK-47 wielding herdsmen, most of them climate change refugees, have spoilt the market for everyone, including their more embedded, more historical nomadic kinsmen in the affected states. 

On Thu, Jul 20, 2017 at 12:39 PM, Olayinka Agbetuyi <yagbetuyi@hotmail.com> wrote:
Beautiful write up. Kudos to Benue and Ekiti state on this problem solving initiative.

This is now the time for the FG to step in to take care of the post-November situation of herdsmen from these states



Sent from my Samsung Galaxy smartphone.


-------- Original message --------
From: Oluwatoyin Vincent Adepoju <toyin.adepoju@gmail.com>
Date: 20/07/2017 16:03 (GMT+00:00)
To: usaafricadialogue <usaafricadialogue@googlegroups.com>
Subject: Re: USA Africa Dialogue Series - VC begs Nigerian govt for relocationof  herdsmen, cattle from UNIABUJA campus [ Fulani Colonization Crisis inNigeria ]

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Placing History in Perspective

 Punch editorial on herdsmen centred   Fulani terrorism

July 20, 2017

           Herdsmen Attacks

 Benue Law Offers Sensible Model

WEARIED by the continued Fulani herdsmen carnage, the Benue State Governor, Samuel Ortom, has moved to sign the Anti-Open Grazing Bill into law. It is chiefly aimed at curbing killings and destruction of farmlands associated with open grazing in the state. He has also given an ultimatum to herdsmen to either ranch their livestock or leave the state. The law is an improvement on an earlier version promulgated in Ekiti State, where activities of nomadic Fulani herdsmen have also provoked ethnic suspicions, tension, devastation and reprisals.

Assenting to the bill, the Benue governor chillingly noted, "Between 2013 and 2016 alone, Fulani herdsmen killed more than 1,878 men, women and children in cold blood from 12 local government areas." In addition, 750 people were critically injured, 200 still missing and over 99,427 households destroyed. This toll is mindboggling. During the gory invasion between February and March 2016, they massacred over 500 persons in the Agatu community, according to former Senate President, David Mark.

Mike Inalegwu, the sole administrator of the Agatu LGA, estimated that herdsmen slaughtered 3,920 persons from 2013 to 2017. At the weekend, herdsmen reportedly abducted Zakari Sada, the external auditor of the National Health Insurance Scheme on the Abuja-Kaduna Expressway. The crisis has produced thousands of internally displaced persons across the state. The Global Index of Terrorism prepared by a global think tank, the Institute for Economic and Peace, ranked Fulani nomads as the fourth deadliest terror group in the world in 2014/15, after their killing spree in several parts of Nigeria.

Emboldened by the apathy of the Federal Government, Fulani herdsmen have become notorious for rape, trespass, mass murders and destruction of crops of agrarian communities. Their cruel imprints are pronounced in (Southern) Kaduna, Plateau, Taraba, Delta, Nasarawa and Benue states. In April 2016, they slaughtered 40 persons in Ukpabi Nimbo, Enugu State.

In truth, this law is long overdue. By making ranching mandatory, it elevates animal husbandry to a big, modern business, which has been the preferred model the world over for centuries. The five-month moratorium for herdsmen ensnared by age-old open grazing practices to leave Benue by November is in no way harsh.

The law to ranch livestock is a courageous move by the state parliament and the governor. It is argued that ranching eliminates the friction over land between farming communities and nomadic livestock owners. Conflict arises principally as Nigeria's 20 million strong cattle stock, according to the Food and Agricultural Organisation, are seeking fodder because of the advancing desertification in the North, which has encouraged the Fulani to expand their sphere of influence with impunity to the Middle Belt and the southern states.

 In comparison, the FAO credits Brazil with 211.7 million heads of cattle (the world's largest stock), the United States with 89.2 million and Argentina with 51 million. In these climes, ranching is the standard practice. It eliminates the outdated roaming of cattle across the length and breadth of the country in search of fodder.

 Open grazing endangers food production. On the other hand, ranching protects against livestock rustling because the animals are properly enclosed. A research by the US National Wildlife and Refugee System warns that open grazing also disturbs soil surfaces. "Trampling, pawing, and wallowing by ungulates disturb the soil and in some cases, completely destroy soil crusts," the study said.

 But in its favour, ranching is a very lucrative business. This ought to persuade the cattle herders to cotton on to it. While farmers in Benue State lost N95 billion to Fulani herdsmen invasion in 2014 alone, according to Ortom, Australia's 117-year-old Anna Creek Station, the biggest cattle ranch in Australia, was worth $370.7 million in 2016. It covers 100,000 square kilometres. In total, Australia exported fresh beef valued at $2.5 billion and frozen beef of $4.5 billion in 2015, says a 2016 report by Geneva-based research outfit, International Trade Centre. Brazil's total beef export in 2015 was calculated at $4.69 billion, while Nigeria is missing out because of unsustainable age-old grazing practices.

With the Federal Government offering only platitudes, Benue, just like Ekiti in 2016, has started on the right path to ending Fulani herdsmen's atrocities. But it should not just make the law and go to sleep. The political will to enforce it after the five-month grace is crucial. Other states being tormented by herdsmen should take the sensible legal route being charted by Ekiti and Benue.

In the end, it is the Nigerian state that will benefit from decreased violence, improvements in crop production and increased cattle stock for domestic consumption and export income. The states in the North should stop paying lip service to animal husbandry; they should educate and engineer Fulani cattle owners to commit to ranching. Just like in Brazil, the Federal Government could encourage investments in ranching by easing access to affordable loans for livestock farmers, instead of just burying its head in the sand like the ostrich while Fulani herdsmen wreak unmitigated havoc on defenceless citizens, nationwide.

  Copyright PUNCH.
All rights reserved. This material, and other digital content on this website, may not be reproduced, published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or in part without prior express written permission from PUNCH.

Contact: editor@punchng.com






On 20 July 2017 at 20:19, Oluwatoyin Vincent Adepoju <toyin.adepoju@gmail.com> wrote:
Gloria,

Are you following the role of Hausa-Fulani politicians and the Fulani national leader Buhari in the terrorist drive across the nation, with Fulani herdsmen as the arrowhead, a terrorist drive that has decimated the Middle Belt, inspiring a recent call for averting war by Middle Belt elders, including second 1966 coup and civil war veteran Yakubu Danjuma, a crisis reinforced by the collusion of the Fulani led DSS, and the invulnerability of the Fulani terrorists across the nation, from the recurrent and recent massacres in Southern Kaduna, to the Agatu Middle Belt and Enugu state Nimbo massacres, crimes often openly admitted to and justified by the Fulani terrorists  without any reprisal ,  to the efforts of the Fulani led govt to appropriate lands of other Nigerians to accommodate the private business represented by Fulani herdsmen to the announcement that the Nigerian army will now run cattle ranches, these being moves various state governors have had to publicly oppose, some developing their own military systems and laws to tackle this scourge in the face of the govt's open support for this terrorist colonization drive?

Even if you dont agree with my analysis of the ultimate direction of a development in which Fulani herdsmen are now in control of Nigeria's roadways and educational institutions, occupying land and classrooms in Edo state with the governor  helpless to occupying land in the University of Abuja, with the VC crying for help, please share with us your views on the historical facts presented unless you dispute those facts?

Fulani terrorism is worse than Boko Haram bcs of its nationwide spread and longer persistence, along with tacit and open support from Hausa Fulani politicians, becoming Nigeria's greatest security challenge and one of the world's deadliest terrorist groups, according to the Global Terrorist Watch, which keeps data on attacks and numbers of  deaths from this terrorist organization.

Your trivialization "What do you have against the Fulanis, Toyin It's Fulani this and Fulani that. .......", makes me wonder if you aware of at least the  factual aspects of these developments, as different from my interpretations,  or if you have been carried away by a cocooning within USAAfrica Dialogues Series, where this evil is excused by vocal voices blinded by or protecting investments in the current govt.

I would be pleased if you address my questions frontally, summed up by- do you believe the Fulani herdsmen militia wing are a terrorist group? If not, why, given the scale of attacks, scope of killings and systematic character of their attacks across the nation and their use of sophisticated military grade weapons?

Do you believe they have protection from the Fulani led govt? If not, how do you explain the virtual invincibility they have enjoyed in spite of openly justifying massacres of other Nigerians as well as the govt's efforts to appropriate  Nigerians' land in sustaining their private businesses?

Do you believe the crisis has gone beyond a simple issue of pastoralists? If not why have state governors had to develop private military and new legal methods to tackle them? Why are they now so bold they compete with traffic on Nigerian city streets as in Abuja, and occupy school land and classrooms in Edo and university land in Abuja?

Thanks

toyin




thanks

toyin

On 20 July 2017 at 18:47, Emeagwali, Gloria (History) <emeagwali@ccsu.edu> wrote:

This is not about Fulani colonization.

This is simply about the realities of  nomadic pastoralism in the past and present.

Work on converting nomadic pastoralists to sedentary ones. That is the challenge. 


What do you have against the Fulanis, Toyin. 

It's Fulani this and Fulani that. .......





Professor Gloria Emeagwali
Chief Editor- "Africa Update"
Gloria Emeagwali's Documentaries on
Africa and the African Diaspora
8608322815  Phone



From: usaafricadialogue@googlegroups.com <usaafricadialogue@googlegroups.com> on behalf of Oluwatoyin Vincent Adepoju <toyin.adepoju@gmail.com>
Sent: Thursday, July 20, 2017 6:18 AM
To: usaafricadialogue
Subject: USA Africa Dialogue Series - VC begs Nigerian govt for relocation of herdsmen, cattle from UNIABUJA campus [ Fulani Colonization Crisis in Nigeria ]
 

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From: Alukoro Agbaye lukoroagba@gmail.com [talkhard] <talkhard@yahoogroups.com>
Date: 20 July 2017 at 05:14
Subject: [talkhard] VC begs Nigerian govt for relocation of herdsmen, cattle from UNIABUJA campus



 
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