Sunday, December 4, 2016

USA Africa Dialogue Series - Re: ||NaijaObserver|| A Superb Blog on Yoruba Aesthetics, Ideas on the Nature of Beauty and of Art from Yoruba Philosophy : Ancient Forces and Contemporary Voices

My brother Buska,

Great thanks, but the wizards who composed that blog I linked are three undergraduates at Miami university.

It seems the US is the global centre for the study of Yoruba art in particular and African art in general.

I've kept the page permanently open on my computer for regular feasting and happy assimilation.

The writers have distilled much of the essence of what scholars like Abiodun and Blier have put much effort into finding and expounding.

Part of the beauty of this  discussion of Yoruba aesthetics is that the writers have presented both the primarily conceptual aspect, dealing with ideas that require no identification with the Yoruba origin Orisa cosmology and linked this foundational conceptual universe to Orisa spirituality through summations on some of the most prominent Orisa or deities. One can therefore appreciate these two realms of ideas independently or in relation to each other and apply the purely aesthetic ideas to other subjects outside Orisa cosmology.

The discussion of the Orisa is  very rich on account of  broad scope of artistic images provided in the context of  discussions covering traditional Yoruba,  diaspora and contemporarily created  styles of responding to  the Orisa in Nigeria, a unique feature  being a picture of and discussion of an Ogun priestess of whom the writers state, "The fact that this devotee is a woman, yet dressed as a man is reflective of Ogun's power to both create and destroy.  The anatomy of women allows for the possibility of giving birth, or creating life.  Throughout history, men are typically the ones to take arms and go to battle. Thus by being an armed woman, the priestess, just like Ogun, possesses the ability to both create and destroy".

This summation reflects the particularly striking significance of an Ogun priestess on account of the fearsome characterization of Ogun, Orisa of war, slaughterer of his own men after he got carried away with blood lust after decimating the enemy at the battle of Ire, depicted as playing with a woman, leading to her private parts dripping with blood, carver of the way for the Orisa from orun, the world of primal origins, to aye, earth, as described by Soyinka in Idanre and Myth, Literature and the African World, and in Yoruba oral poetry, therefore being a deity associated with the kind of energy  men are best known for  summonning, and not just any men but hunters and men working in masculine centred activities related to metals, although women also work with metals and people like the computer scientist Kunle Olukotun have taken Ogun into the broader world of technology, with Stanford computer scientist Kunle Olukotun  at one time  making his server name "Ogun" as represented by an email address of his being kunle@ogun.stanford.edu which he so justifies "As you know Ogun is the Yoruba god of iron and steel, invoked by all  whose occupations rely on iron.  Computer servers are sometimes called  "big iron", so my server's name is 'Ogun'".

As part of the expanding world of exposure to Yoruba and African art and thought, one may download the first chapter of the indispensable Yoruba: Nine Centuries of  African Art and Thought  from the linked site.

thanks

toyin







 








On 4 December 2016 at 11:26, BUSKA OLADOSU alaremu2007@gmail.com [NaijaObserver] <NaijaObserver@yahoogroups.com> wrote:
 

Alagba Toyin, once again I must say kudos for a job well done, you have really done justice to the underlying strength of the Orishas and the Philosophy of the Yoruba traditional religion and the emerging generation in modernity


On Dec 4, 2016 9:23 AM, "Oluwatoyin Vincent Adepoju toyin.adepoju@gmail.com [NaijaObserver]" <NaijaObserver@yahoogroups.com> wrote:
 

                                                                                                                                  Ancient Forces and Contemporary Voices


__._,_.___

Posted by: BUSKA OLADOSU <alaremu2007@gmail.com>
Reply via web post Reply to sender Reply to group Start a New Topic Messages in this topic (2)

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Re: USA Africa Dialogue Series - Trump: I have destroyed my ‘green card’ – Soyinka

Ken,
I think it was about 28 year ago (not 40) that Rushdie received the fatwa for his 1988 novel satanic verses. You point about Soyinka is well taken though.
Regards,
Okey

On Dec 3, 2016 9:35 PM, "Kenneth Harrow" <harrow@msu.edu> wrote:

When influential famous people make political gestures, it is important to me.

Others can take it as they may. We all live together in a political universe: some are indifferent to others; some care a great deal and raise their voices. I am grateful to Soyinka.

 

There was a time, 40 years ago or so, when rushdie received a fatwa threatening death. Soyinka was brave enough to publicly voice his support for him, and as a result himself received threats of death.

He was a brave and honorable  man. I applaud him

ken

 

Kenneth Harrow

Dept of English and Film Studies

Michigan State University

619 Red Cedar Rd

East Lansing, MI 48824

517-803-8839

harrow@msu.edu

http://www.english.msu.edu/people/faculty/kenneth-harrow/

 

From: usaafricadialogue <usaafricadialogue@googlegroups.com> on behalf of Oluwatoyin Vincent Adepoju <toyin.adepoju@gmail.com>
Reply-To: usaafricadialogue <usaafricadialogue@googlegroups.com>
Date: Saturday 3 December 2016 at 14:54
To: usaafricadialogue <usaafricadialogue@googlegroups.com>
Subject: Re: USA Africa Dialogue Series - Trump: I have destroyed my 'green card' – Soyinka

 

Soyinka tearing his  green card would be a voice, an influential one one in some circles, out of the many raised agst Trump within and beyond the US, thereby contributing to building the wall of resistance to what Trump represents for the US and for the world on account of the effect of the US on the world.

thanks

toyin

 

On 3 December 2016 at 17:30, Salimonu Kadiri <ogunlakaiye@hotmail.com> wrote:

This case of Wole Soyinka tearing his American green card as he vowed to do if Donald Trump should win the Presidential election is, to me, a storm in a tea cup. By tearing his American green card, is Wole Soyinka punishing Trump and the people of USA that voted for him? What does the people of US or Trump stand to lose if Wole Soyinka does not visit the US for the remaining of his life? What benefits or gains accrued to the US during the time Wole Soyinka retained his US green card and had used it on several occasions to visit the country?

 

It would have made sense to me if Wole Soyinka had torn his US green card in protest against those incarcerated in Guantanamo without trial since 2004 by each succeeding US government; against US police killings of unarmed black people; against government's policy that steers most black youths in the US into prison than into schools; protest against the invasion of Libya and killing of the leader, Kadhafi; protest against the retention and expansion of NATO after the end of the cold war that saw to the dissolution of Warsaw Pact; and in protest against economic sanctions against African countries that outlawed same sex marriages. Off course, the only logic behind the idea of not tearing green card in protest against the perpetration of the aforementioned evil acts is because Trump is yet to be the President. 

 

The global economic system which has been rigged against Black Africa was put in place in year 2000 and called Millenium Development Goal (MDG). It expired in 2015 leaving the economy of African countries worse than before year 2000 when the US also sponsored what was called African Growth and Opportunity Act (GOA) which has since been extended to 2025. Was Trump responsible for the economic and industrial backwardness of Africa?

S.Kadiri
 

 


Från: usaafricadialogue@googlegroups.com <usaafricadialogue@googlegroups.com> för Oluwatoyin Vincent Adepoju <toyin.adepoju@gmail.com>
Skickat: den 2 december 2016 10:44
Till: usaafricadialogue
Ämne: Re: USA Africa Dialogue Series - Trump: I have destroyed my 'green card' – Soyinka

 

My people,

There is another view on this.

Here it is-

Wole Soyinka and Sojourns: once a card holder is always a card holder.

My response to news Wole fulfilled his promise to ditch his USA green card.

People;
It feels good to have a maternal home. That's how I remain a catholic and why I shunned Kumiyism and Redeemism and the Winners.
I cannot see myself belonging to a church that has no maternal home.
In my culture, we say when a child is maltreated in his home, he runs to his maternal home for safety. As a Catholic, Rome remains my maternal home in case. In Kumiyism, there is no Rome nor Roman nor England, no Mecca either.

In same way a lot of Nigerian Diasporans feel very good holding that green card thing.
Having USA or any other foreign country resident permit gives one some assurance of dual residence. So when Rice becomes N30,000 a bag in Lagos, I run back to U S where I can get it cheaper or free if I chose to go on welfare and live in a city like NYC.
For Wole Soyinka; A record on him indicating he once had a US green card that was not revoked by Obama or Trump whether he has the physical card or not, assures him he has a maternal home outside Nigeria whether he reaped it or burnt it. . It is a good feeling indeed to feel there is always an alternative to someone hing good.

The card; The U S green card, turn or thrown away, it only takes a phone call to get another in a week or less irrespective of who is the president of America.
Mind you the only difficult question needing an answer when you reapply for a copy of your green card is ; what happened to your card?
I lost it.
I reaped it when Hilary lost
I smoked it when I could not buy a cig
My dog ate it
My crazy wife or husband seized it
are all good and acceptable answers.
So we should feel for Wole because as a play write, he too can be a stage actor. For this Green card thing, he acted a major role.
Dan

luwatoyin Vincent Adepoju

che Obadike

Uche Obadike You mean he tore his green card?

an Akusobi

Dan Akusobi Thanks Toyin. Longest time. I noted how busy you are in the arts forum. I read them but cannot always come up with responses soothing the pictures on the issues, as they appeared in my minds. Am still canvas and paint brush challenged.

Unlike · Reply · 1 · 7 hrs

luwatoyin Vincent Adepoju

luwatoyin Vincent Adepoju

Write a reply...

 

an Akusobi

Dan Akusobi Uche,
Seems so. Wole wanted to be like me. I don't take Hennessy and may not take beer. I had hoped Hilary would win the U.S. Election even though I suspected a disappointment was coming. I told some of my friends that I will drink a bottle of Heineken...See more

Unlike · Reply · 2 · 7 hrs

che Obadike

hiwuikem Ihediwa

Chiwuikem Ihediwa Who saw Wole tear the card? Now for you to tear the card you have to write/return the card to US Immigration. Then your name and information will be deleted. Wole did not do any of this and he is just playing games - very typical.

Like · Reply · 1 · 6 hrs







 

 

On 2 December 2016 at 08:04, olugbenga Ojo <olugbenga.ojo@gmail.com> wrote:

The great KONGI himself. When you are big you are big and by extension when you are large,  you are large.  I hope the cynics will find something else to discuss. This man had been there before many who are too young to know some things.
To those who could not do such a thing,  there is no problems. We all have our life to lead and it's the way we want it.

Ride on Kongi

Olugbenga

 

On Dec 1, 2016 5:17 PM, "Ekhator Godfrey" <godgate4luv@gmail.com> wrote:

[BREAKING] Trump: I have destroyed my 'green card' – Soyinka
John Abayomi / 2 hours ago


Shortly before the vote, Soyinka had vowed to give up his permanent US residency over a Trump victory to protest against the Republican billionaire's campaign promises to get tough on immigration.


"I have already done it, I have disengaged (from the United States). I have done what I said I would do," the 82-year-old said on the sidelines of an education conference at the University of Johannesburg.

"I had a horror of what is to come with Trump… I threw away the (green) card, and I have relocated, and I'm back to where I have always been" — meaning his homeland Nigeria.

The prolific playwright, novelist and poet won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1986 and has been a regular teacher at US universities including Harvard, Cornell and Yale.

At the same time he said he would not discourage others from applying for a green card.

"It's useful in many ways. I wouldn't for one single moment discourage any Nigerians or anybody from acquiring a green card… but I have had enough of it," he said.


Soyinka, one of Africa's most famous writers and rights activists, was jailed in 1967 for 22 months during Nigeria's civil war.

He was reported to have recently completed a term as scholar-in-residence at New York University's Institute of African American Affairs.

READ ALSO :  Soyinka green card threat dominates google search

AFP.

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USA Africa Dialogue Series - Misplaced Focus: Not Anglo V Franco in Lawyers' Demands; MjadalaAfrika: Unprecedented Candidates' Debate for AU Commission Chairperson; Stunner! President Jammeh of The Gambia concedes defeat; President Museveni of Uganda Speaks:

 1st Article: First ever: MjadalaAfrika: Candidates' Debate for AU Commission Chairperson

2nd Article: The Gambia Turns a Page: Stunner! President Jammeh of The Gambia  concedes defeat. The winner is a former Diasporan - former security guard and political novice.

3rd Article: No Anglophone v Francophone communities. A focus on legitimate redress by the lawyers; not political opportunism.

 4th Article: President Museveni of Uganda Speaks:
Casualties of Western Neo-Imperialism and African Weakness.


  AAAA

Apologies and corrections: An uncompleted draft was mistakenly sent .
  
 
 


MjadalaAfrika: Debate Africa
Mjadala means Debate in Kiswahili, which is one of the official languages of the African Union.
 
The first ever candidates' debate for the Chairperson of the African Union (AU) Commission will take place on December 9, 2016 at the AU headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The debate is organized through the AU Leadership Academy. 
  
"Africa Leadership Debates", dubbed MjadalaAfrika, offer  platforms for key stakeholders in various sectors of society to discuss the range of opportunities that can be harnessed to ensure Africa achieves its goals for integrated and sustainable development and transforming the continent to become a major player in the global arena. 

The debate will give candidates an unprecedented occasion  to speak to African citizens, popularize the AU, and articulate their vision for an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Afric
a.
 
The incumbent Chairperson of the AU Commission, the Hon. Nkosazana DlaminI-Zuma of South Africa, chose not to run for re-election. At the AU Summit in July, which took place in Kigali, Rwanda, no candidate got the required 2/3 of the vote to emerge as the winner. The contest  was suspended.  The new election will take place on January 30-31, 2017 at the AU Summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 Meet the Candidates:

Hon Dr. Pelonomi Venson- Moitoi of Botswana.
She is the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Republic of Botswana.


Hon Moussa Faki Mahamat of Chad. 
He is the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Economic Integration, Chad.


Hon Agapito Mba Mokuy of Equatorial Guinea.
He is the Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Equatorial Guinea.


Hon Dr Amina C Mohamed of Kenya.
She is Kenya's Cabinet Secretary for Foreign Affairs and International Trade
Profile


Dr. Abdoulaye Bathily of Senegal.
Quotable Statement:"I am African first before being a Senegalese." 
Dr. Bathily is a former  Minister of State at the Presidency of Senegal and former Special Representative of the UN Secretary General for Central Africa. 
 
The debate will be held before a live audience comprising members of the AU Executive Council, members of Permanent Representatives Committee (PRC), AU Commissioners, media personnel, and invited guests.

The event will be live streamed to the entire continent and internationally on the AU live stream link, which is available on the AU website. It will also be broadcast live. The details will be made available soon. The profiles of the all the candidates will be available at the AU website when they are uploaded.  
 
 
 

The Gambia turns a page. 
President Yahya Jammeh conceded defeat after a shock election loss on December 1, 2016. 
 The President-elect, Adama Barrow,  is a  former Contemporary African Diasporan.
 
 
As a former economic migrant, Mr. Barrow understands the draw of Europe for young, poverty-struck Gambians fleeing in huge numbers to make the perilous journey across the Mediterranean.

"There is a crisis in the Gambia, that's why everyone is taking the Back Way (migrant route)," he said, mindful that riches seldom await those leaving their homeland.

"You hear the name Europe, you think it's heaven. It's never like that,"  the president-elect said.

Courtesy, AFP. 
 


The president of The Gambia's Independent Electoral Commission, Alieu Momarr Njie announces presidential election results in Banjul, The Gambia, Dec. 2, 2016.

Based on the  final count of Gambia's 53 constituencies broadcast on state TV, Mr Adama Barrow received 263,515 votes, claiming 45.5% of the vote  compared to Mr Jammeh's 212,099 with 36.7%, and 102,969 votes or 17 per cent for Mammah Kandeh, the leader of the only opposition party not to back Mr Barrow.

That turnout  was about  65% of Gambia's nearly 900,000 registered voters, out of a population of about 1.9 million.



In a televised statement, President Jammeh said the vote had been "the most transparent election in the whole world," adding that he would not contest the result. "I take this opportunity to congratulate Mr Adama for his victory. It's a clear victory. I wish him all the best and I wish all Gambians the best. As a true Muslim who believes in the almighty Allah I will never question Allah's decision. You Gambians have decided," he said.

The prerecorded message then cut to a shot of Jammeh phoning the president-elect.

"Hello, are you hearing me?" President Jammeh asked the President-elect, grinning widely on his mobile. "I wish you all the best. The country will be in your hands in January. You are assured of my guidance. You have to work with me. You are the elected president of The Gambia. I have no ill will and I wish you all the best."

Even the head of the electoral commission, Alieu Momarr Njie, seemed stunned by Jammeh's rapid concession.

"The president is magnanimous enough to accept that he had lost the election, and he will call the new president to congratulate him as well as to pray for peace and tranquility," he said after announcing preliminary results. "It's very rare, this present situation now, in Africa that this happens."
 




By Evelyn Joe    
 Dear  Cameroonians, Africans, and Friends:  

Clouded by contesting claims, status of resolutions, stalemates or breakdowns, and even the intent of  the disputes, what is undisputed in the on-going strikes by English speaking  lawyers and teachers in Cameroon is  the right to non-violent protests. P
olice and military brutality to repress civilian expressions should be condemned in no uncertain terms. 

In ironical twists, the crackdowns on peaceful protesters fuel the very circumstances the government is  trying to prevent - violence and justifications for civilian outcries. For example,  Mr. Sam Nyambi, a Diasporan who wrote from Cameroon, in response to a post I made on face-book asked, in other words, what is to be gained by police inciting civilians?


You may read the mail at intervals; it has varied themes. More important, it seeks to place the important grievance of the legal and teaching professionals at the center of the crisis; not the periphery where it has been relegated in the local, national and international spheres  - and social media.

At the end,  a tea conversation with foreign journalists and staffers who curiously zeroed in to  understand how dynamics fit into calling on the British, Donald Trump, US Congress, United Nations, etc., provides some insights  on the politicking.

The enabling Cameroon/African identity predated the European Age of Enlightenment and the genius  thrived. What heritage is being defended? We ran out of time. But not before the lesson of the ancient Sultan of Foumban on identity and ingenuity, and rolling the drums for anti-colonial heroes - a contrast to what is claimed today. You may read samples of opinions at the end of the mail.

 

Different Interests: Trays in the Frays  

The English speaking lawyers have legitimate grievance with profound urgency that speaks to their profession. This has been has been overshadowed, which makes it difficult for  those who genuinely want to situate the problem in a context that can be resolved without being dragged into  pre - determined politicking.

Of course, Contemporary Diaspora is an integral part of their country's  citizenry, as evidence has it, with the same rights to discuss and participate on any issue, which affects them.

Cameroonian Diaspora is one of the African Union Member States that has Diaspora voting rights - meaning those living outside the country can vote from their place of residence outside Cameroon and Africa.  Based on the policies,  African countries define their Diaspora members as those with origins from their countries - migrants and subsequent generations, regardless of whether they acquire any other citizenship and effects.  Almost all discussion groups include members on the continent and in the Diaspora. So yes, there is no question that all the actors are within their rights to agitations  dealing with national affairs.

What is the point? Some journalists wanted to know where the petitioners and marchers are coming from. 

Finding its way to the center, and pivoting from different angles, the many forms of championships and leaderships of the Southern Cameroon movements see the strikes as opportune avenues to drive the goal of independence or secession, complete with mantras,  raising funds, and other exhortations.

From the  Diaspora defending Anglophone - ness,   some say it is to help "our people," other varieties tout armed struggle or resistance.  For the sane or cruel police or military on the ground, it is anybody's guess when they encounter true or false talk, a spoil for a fight. 

An unpatriotic shame is supposed to drown the dissenting or alternative opinions of  Cameroonians  who hail from the two English speaking regions. They disagree on a separate country  or just two federated system as opposed to ten. A  dog whistle to Cameroonians from the eight French speaking regions is to transmit  guilt by omission to support the measures defined by Southern Cameroon movements.

However, the salient question is not black and white, either/or, to Cameroonians who choose not to be pinned on sides. For some who define their identity outside colonial boxes, it is nonsense altogether.   

Who is at War With Who?

Emphatically stated, this is not an Anglophone vs Francophone matter that should pit citizens against each other and tear down the interwoven fabric of the Cameroonian community at home or anywhere. More meaningfully, the legitimate grievance of the lawyers  should be addressed on the merits and not as  opportunistic stepping stone to ends that they did not espouse.

There is no cause here worth the spill of blood.  
 
 


Bringing the  Legitimate Issue to the Forefront

On October 11, 2016, Anglophone (English speaking)  lawyers began a strike on factual grounds that are stabilizing factors of nationhood - fairness and equity. 

ONE


A lightening point is the  OHADA: Organisation pour l'Harmonisation en Afrique du Droit des Affaires" - translated in English as  the "Harmonization of African Business Law."  
 
OHADA is based on modernized (Napoleonic) French law and  was adopted by  15 West and Central African nations on October 17, 1993 in Port Louis, Mauritius. Today, 17 African countries have adopted OHADA. In practice, they use the French legal model.

The stated rationale was to facilitate and encourage domestic and foreign investments in the member states. Almost all of the signatories are former French colonies. The only non-French countries are Equatorial Guinea and Guinea Bissau. But there is one notable bond: All participants are tied to France's "Franc currency."

The fact that no English speaking nation adopted OHADA would have, ordinarily, flagged questions on systemic difference.

Created in 1993 in another age, it  does not serve the AU's Agenda 2063 regional integration goals because OHADA endorses and enables colonial barriers in the regions. For example, Africa's powerhouses - Nigeria, Ghana -  are in West Africa and not using OHADA. So the neat argument of harmonization falls flat, it is outdated, or it needs to be revisited to account for systemic differences in the regions.

Agenda 2063 is implemented in  Five Ten-Year Phases. The first Phase is 2014-2023. It is not anti-harmonization; in fact, it promotes harmonized education and training systems that are essential for the realization of intra-Africa mobility, academic integration, and commerce  through inter-regional cooperation. 

The grievance of the lawyers is one of mindlessness application that results in punitive effects, which can be remedied without negating the benefits of constructive harmonization.


Cameroon is supposed to be a bilingual country and, therefore,  sensitive to the practical implications  of  OHADA  in the two regions where some legal practitioners did not study, and the population does not use, the French legal model. Whether OHADA is translated into English is irrelevant because the issue is the content and system of the law. 

For example: There is considerable transfer of cognitive and academic skills across languages. If someone studied contents in math, sciences or law in French or Spanish, they do not have to relearn the same contents in English. They can articulate and apply the same knowledge in  English or any language they are proficient in. Crisis arises when practitioners did not learn those contents in any language and/or the prevailing system is at variance with what is being imposed.

Given the above, it is not clear what the Prime Minister and the Justice Minister would resolve without eliminating this system as a requirement  in the two regions where lawyers and clients, and even the Magistrates, may be unfamiliar with.  What is profoundly at stake is that the education and experience of the lawyers are  invalidated.  The government can examine the facts and circumstances; the undue burden; and proceed with the remedies.  

Incidentally, the AU is having a 5th Forum on International Law next week.  OHADA will be discussed.


The Continental Education Strategy  Africa (2016-25) is attached, which seeks to harmonize education in Africa while redressing the retarding colonial legacy. 
See end of the author's write up. 

TWO
 

Another point of contention in a bilingual systems goes beyond business law to functional systems: the lack of mastery of the English language by French speaking magistrates in the two English speaking regions. This puts both the lawyers and their clients at legal risk  when the magistrate cannot communicate or understand what is communicated in cases he or she is presiding over. On closer examination, same will apply in the French speaking regions where the magistrate cannot communicate at proficiency level in French. 

A marked difference with the first crisis is that it is language competency; not  technical competency or the system of law or education.

How  Cameroon deals with the facts of bilingualism is a test of her national character and stabilizing factor.

Resonating Foul    

The minority English speaking regions  did not invent colonialism and how the spoils were divided after World War 1 between France and Britain.  They inherited the colonial language and system. When a unitary government maintains, introduces, and applies  policies that are prohibitive due to language and institutional differences, the effects constitute an Anglophone problem. 
 
I hasten to add that neither French nor English speaking Cameroonians chose this problem.  It is a problem perpetuated or neglected by the government by what it does  or fails to do. It is within its ability to ensure fairness and equity, and work with stakeholders whose abiding interest is peaceful means to engaging solutions.  

Those outside the realm of solutions that are possible without altering the geographical sovereignty of Cameroon are talking of something else.  They can do so. However, injecting variant  end-goals in the legitimate claims of the lawyers and teachers is opportunism at play.     
 
Reflections and Reality of Africa's Integration Away from Colonial ID.
 

A significant percentage of the African citizenry in Africa and in the Diaspora is unaware of the trend towards integration. For examples, all countries in the  CEMAC zones  use the CEMAC passport, same for all countries in West Africa using the ECOWAS passport. In 2018, when the African passport becomes available to every citizen, those in Africa and in the Diaspora will have the African passport replacing what they have today.

Within integration, there are local, national and regional systems and treasures; just like in any other geo - polity in the world.

No other African nation has Cameroon's colonial problem.  Western bilingual/multilingual nations have handled the official language diversity with admired constructiveness. No other population around the entire world  defines its  identity and  heritage in terms of colonialism. In fact, Africans systems are  moving away from the alien defects that colonialism imposed.

The Au Aspiration  5: An Africa with a strong cultural identity, common heritage, values and ethics addresses: inculcating the spirit of Pan Africanism; tapping Africa's rich heritage and culture to ensure that the creative arts are major contributors to Africa's growth and transformation; and restoring and preserving Africa's cultural heritage, including its languages.

Not unexpected, Cameroonians who say they are fighting to liberate and celebrate their Anglo-saxon culture from the United Kingdom (UK), with particular vehemence for Francophones (making no difference between government and ordinary people),  deserve special and curious attention - in a league of their own. It is unclear whether the UK and British people reciprocate by way of the passion of intensity, identity and solidarity.

The above was part of the tea conversation with keen or amused discussants, in a "get together"  that includes non-African journalists, hill staffers, and others who follow international happenings. As end the session, news on the Gambian election flashed in our devices. This tells you the type of group -  in style and substance with global interconnection.  
 
In best practices, even African countries unburdened by differences in colonial tongues and systems  are consolidating their indigenous African identity and institutional heritage. For example, this year, the East African Parliament adopted Swahili has an official language after it became  official languages in some of the countries. A journalist noted how  President Uhuru Kenyatta (Kenya) and the then President Jakaya Kikwete (Tanzania) engaged their Diaspora  constituencies in Swahili, which projected  a soaring sense of African cultural pride. He played the  Youtube videos on his cell phone.  

What is the matter with Anglo-saxon heritage in Cameroon, there are all sorts of movements on face-book? The question from a gentle lady, in a tone of an anthropologist focused on a discovery, caught me off guard because I was more interested in clarifying the legitimate  grievance of the lawyers and solidarity support of the students. 

As I took a sip of Ethiopian tea, and before I could process the question, an African American community advocate  was beside himself:
You mean these new Negroes from Africa are marching, petitioning the US congress, Anglophonie British Embassy, Francophonie French Embassy,  UN Offices to save their colonial image in Cameroon? Am I missing something?
  
Sensing that the more sensational aspects of the protests have relegated the lawyers' strike or human rights to secondary issues in the social media, there was no need forcing a concentration. So I talked cultural heritage! with relevance to the point.

Here is my summary as I now held their attention on the sensation of identity. 

King Ibrahim Mbouombouo Njoya (1860-1933) was a Sultan of the Bamoun people of Foumban in the French speaking region of Cameroon.   
 
His Royal Majesty invented the Bamoun script, which is a syllabic system for writing in the Bamoun language. He built a printing press and a royal library.  You all can go there today on a heritage tour. The  Palace  Museum holds his meticulously kept administrative records and legal codes.

MsJoe, you said legal codes? I was politely interrupted by the question.

Me: Yes, legal codesThere is a festival there every two years.  
 
 I opened a small file with my own cell device and continued:

This African King wrote poetic treatise on esthetics, listing over  200 criteria for appraising the beauty of women; wrote and complied an elaborate volume on pharmacopoeia - the medicinal compounds to make drugs to cure diseases; and wrote a detailed history of the Bamoun Kingdom.  
 
This happened before Francophonie or Anglophone culture in Cameroon? A smile was forming around the edge of the mouth of the African American, attired in suit, and on break from a legislative session, just a walking distance from the Capitol. He also said something about the US unemployment rate being at the lowest since 2007 as he looked at the message on his cell. 
     
I continued:
Yes, Cameroon with a K was ruled by Germany. There was no Anglophone or Francophone.  In 1904, King Njoya visited the German governor's mansion in Buea, now in the English speaking region.  He noted and insisted that his Bamoum culture and people could do better than what he saw. He then constructed a three-story mud-brick palace with vaulted ceilings and elaborately engraved wooden shutters.

Queen Amina of Zaria, Nigeria,  did wonders in civilization before the White man came.  
 

So Cameroon had no Anglophone or Francophone culture,  the King produced these
and Queen Amina was a woman?  Another question from a curator.

Me: Yes. Even in the English speaking areas, you can visit and get the history. Yes, Queen Amina was a woman. 

I continued:
In 1919, following the World War 1,  Cameroon was divided between Britain and France, which resulted in the administrative and linguistic division of the country, with implication on what we have today.

King Njoya's innovations and cultural finesse incurred the wrath of the French colonial administrators; just as African cultures were destroyed throughout Africa.

Now the questions were coming at a more frequent pace.  
 
Me: France carried out a system of assimilation. 

With nodding affirmation, a discussant chimed in: Yes,  they had Africans in their parliaments. Some wore suits and danshikis.

I continued:
France  imposed its language and administration throughout the territory and feared that the brilliant  and astute Sultan would try to reunite and form alliance with the English speaking regions of Cameroon, which were controlled by the British. They destroyed the indigenous systems, including schools, smashed the printing press, and deposed the King in 1924. He was  forced into exile in  Yaounde, now the capital city  in 1931. He died  two years later, in 1933, and humiliated while on exile.


The same thing happened, in relative degrees, in the English speaking regions where England ruled her subjects  as a condominium - indirectly, and allowing customary laws.  

Okay, why are the Anglophones not telling the world about the customary law and defending their own culture, they had none before they were discovered? Native Indians preserve their culture in America.  This question from a radio talk show producer cracked up every one.

So all of these protests have nothing to do with any Cameroon culture and identity?

This question from a staff at the UN had me struggling to maintain a straight  face, suppressing a laughter, because she had attended an All Cameroonian festival years back.
 
My answer: In one of the reports, I learned  a traditional  ruler, Fon Abumbi 11 of Bafut, from one of the English speaking regions, was among the negotiators with the Prime Minister  to resolve the issues raised by the lawyers and teachers.  He  was educated in both systems. Leaders of his standing can tell the difference between heritage and cultural identity and  identity politics. 
 
 So he is bilingual? The follow-up question.

Me: I guess so. My Mom taught him when he attended Lycee Buea in the English speaking region and he attended the University of Yaounde in the French speaking.  The Prime Minister is bilingual. He is from the English speaking region.

It was now an open ended conversation. The unanimous understanding among people of varied background is that the precipitating issues  are based on the colonial linguistic and administrative structures in formal settings; not any indigenous culture and way of life. It was hard to image how in the daily hassles of life, ordinarily Francophone and Anglophone, beset by the same realities,  would see any need to fight each other.

The former British Cameroon was administered as Northern Cameroons and Southern Cameroons. The Muslim-majority Northern Cameroon  opted for union with Nigeria and the Southern area voted to join Cameroon.  In Nigeria, there is no Northern Cameroons identity or cultural problem.  

What was the relevance of this particular narration? The international community, just as the local community, may read  the more sensational headlines from face-book and partisan write-ups that are more in supply than reporting that provides the facts. The space for intellectual, philosophical and practical discourse in non-personalized ways is limited.   

Closing 
 
Those  who shed their blood, lost life or limb for Cameroon's liberation came from the French and English speaking regions in Cameroon and would never have sweated to erect or maintain any colonial form - they rejected it.

Roll the drum called out:
Ruben Um Nyobé, (Cameroon)
Félix-Roland Moumié (Cameroon)
Ndeh Ntumazah (Cameroon)
Abel Kingué (Cameroon)
Castor Osendé Afana (Cameroon)

Inspired by liberators such as:
Kwame Nkrumah (Ghana)
Patrice Lumumba (Congo)
Abdel Nasser (Egypt)
Frantz Fanon (Algeria)
Ben Bella (Algeria)
Modibo Keita (Mali)
Sekou Toure (Guinea)
Patrice Lumumba (Congo)
Julius Nyerere (Tanzania)
And more

Break was over and time to leave.

The Continental Education Strategy for Africa is attached below. Pan African Lawyers  may help in addressing the harmonization of African legal studies, laws and legal systems.

Summary of CESA (2016-2025)
English
 French  

Africa is ushering into an era that most observers and pundits are predicting will determine its
destiny as the continent of the future. But to fulfill this promised bright future, the continent has to come to terms with its education and training systems that are yet to fully shed the weight of its colonial legacy and its own tribulations as a relatively new political and economic entity and player in the world arena. In the bid to "create" a new African citizen who will be an effective change agent for the continent's sustainable development as envisioned by the AU and its 2063 Agenda, the African Union Commission has developed an Africa comprehensive ten-year continental education strategy.

This strategy is driven by the desire to set up a "qualitative system of education and training to
provide the African continent with efficient human resources adapted to African core values and therefore capable of achieving the vision and ambitions of the African Union. Those responsible for its implementation will be assigned to " reorient Africa's education and training systems to meet the knowledge, competencies, skills, innovation and creativity required to nurture African core values and promote sustainable development at the national, sub-regional and continental levels". The following guiding principles and pillars are articulated to guide the implementation of the Continental Strategy as reflected in twelve Strategic Objectives supported by specific areas of work as follows.

Guiding principles:
  1. Knowledge societies called for by Agenda 2063 are driven by skilled human capital.
  2. Holistic,inclusive and equitable education with good conditions for lifelong learning is sine qua non for sustainable development
  3. Good governance,leadership and accountability in education management are paramount.
  4. Harmonized education and training systems are essential for the realization of intra-Africa mobility and academic integration through regional cooperation.
  5. Quality and relevant education,training and research are core for scientific and technological innovation, creativity and entrepreneurship.
  6. A healthy mind in a healthy body physically and socio-psychologically-fit and well fed learners.
 
 
se
The Sides: Samples 

 From:"Peter Wuteh Vakunta [AFOaKOM]" <AFOaKOM@yahoogroups.com>
Date:Mon, 28 Nov, 2016 at 9:07 am
Subject:Re: [AFOaKOM] The gendarmes of La Republique

 
 We need to kick butts of these assholes in uniform out of Bamenda. Read my piece:
 
   
Peter Wuteh Vakunta, Ph.D.
Chair,Department of Global Languages & Cross-Cultural Studies
Director, Multicultural Engagement and Global Awareness (MEGA) Center
Fulbright Scholar Program Liaison
University of Indianapolis
1400 East Hanna Avenue 
Indianapolis,Indiana 46227 
United States of America
 



From: "Agbor Enow Augustine [cameroon_politics]" <cameroon_politics@yahoogroups.com>
To: camnetwork@yahoogroups.com; Cameroon Politics <cameroon_politics@yahoogroups.com>
Sent: Thursday, December 1, 2016 8:37 PM
Subject: Re: [camnetwork] Re: [cameroon_politics] What is the Anglophone Cameroonian Identity?

Excerpts:

"Any secession in Cameroon will exacerbate ethnic conflicts and not fix it. When ethnic minorities secedes, another ethnic group(s) becomes a minority within the new state and the former prosecuted becomes prosecutors. Another difficulty for secession to occur in Cameroon is that not all Anglophones leave within the seceding area, and people will have to make choices on where to live and belong. This will separate families and create even smaller minority groups, exacerbating ethnic conflicts within both states. As one of the highly heterogeneous nations in the world, Cameroonians must embrace the multitudes of beliefs, languages, religions, traditions, cultures, and customs that our beautiful country offers. Our diversity is our greatest strength, and bilingualism should be an avenue for sustainable competitive advantage for the Cameroonian nation state. We need a revolution and injection of new leadership to solve our problems and move forward as a nation, not callous calls for secession.

Augustine Enow Agbor
Proudly Cameroonian



--------------------------------------------
On Thu, 12/1/16, Tchouteu Janvier j_kamerun@yahoo.com [camnetwork] <camnetwork@yahoogroups.com> wrote:

Subject: Re: [camnetwork] Re: [cameroon_politics] What is the Anglophone Cameroonian Identity?
To: "camnetwork@yahoogroups.com" <camnetwork@yahoogroups.com>, "Cameroon Politics" <cameroon_politics@yahoogroups.com>
Date: Thursday, December 1, 2016, 1:18 P

Massa Ben,
How e dey  like sae you trong head so! You don't seek my opinion or feelings or reasoning before you write, do you? You cannot penetrate my soul on how I would
perceive your thoughts or ideas, and neither can I penetrate yours. I write what I understand, what I believe and what I think is universally acknowledged.

I have never wavered  in my position for more than three decades. I am an Anglophone Cameroonian, albeit an Anglophone Cameroonian  Union-Nationalists who will never conciliate with the evil system and who still cherishes the vision shared by Cameroonian civic-nationalists on both sides of the River Mungo who fought and died for, and who voted for the reunification and independence of the lands of the former German Kamerun (British Cameroons and French Cameroun). I hold the establishment (the French-imposed system) responsible for that.

If you think the fundamentals of what I wrote about are wrong, then say so and we can debate logically about it, if not, then let's tap on our compatibilities and work together on  dismantling this system. I don't see you or the position you represent as an enemy, or even an opponent. We are partners, if you know what I mean.

All the best,
Janvier Chouteu-Chando


On Thursday, December
On Thursday, December 1, 2016, 7:39 PM, 'Pa Zama' via ambasbay <ambasbay@googlegroups.com> wrote:

Mr. Atemkeng.,
It is surprising that with eye witness accounts of what the invading troupes of la Republique are doing on our territory, some southern Cameroonians can still have the temerity to voice the word federation. Those Southern Cameroonians who are so much in love with federation, have the right to cross the Mungo and Matazem and join their brothers and sisters of la republique du Cameroun. IT HAS BEEN A REAL NIGHTMARE LIVING WITH THESE PEOPLE. AS WE WILL SOON ACHIVE OUR FREEDOM, I WILL STRONGLY OPPOSE ANY DIPLOMATIC TIES WITH SUCH A CALLOUS COUNTRY.  

I would like to insist here that all Southern Cameroonians are people whose both parents are native Southern Cameroonians. I also want to insist that people of la republique origine who have sent their children to our schools must take note that we have been erroneously using the term Anglophone to mean those people of the Southwest and North West Provinces.   

With the maltreatment we have received from the people of la republique du Cameroon for fifty five years, we must CLEARLY identify ourselves SO THAT THERE SHOULD BE NO AMBIGUITY AT ALL This is what I have done over the years. I Know who I am and can therefore not  take the name OR IDENTITY of someone else. 
Is it not a pride to say I am from the Southern Cameroons, the soon to be AMBAZONIA?

PLEASE, LET US BE PROUD TO CALL OURSELVES BY OUR NAME. 
GOD BEING OUR HELPER WE MUST GET THERE.
WE MUST GO ON OUR KNEES EVERY MORNING AND EVENING PRAYING TO OUR HEAVENLY FATHER TO LEAD US TO OUR FREEDOM FASTER THAN WE EXPECT.
 
PA ZAMA


On Wednesday, November 30, 2016 3:48 AM, 'Tem Martin' via ambasbay <ambasbay@googlegroups.com> wrote:

I have heard many people advocating for Federalism. When I read the thoughts above, I realised that this man was speaking what I have been saying but had not come about to writing it. So please read and pass it on. We do not need federation, we need two separate Cameroons.

Here Below is the original email:
Njousi Abang: njousid@
FEDERALIST SHOULD MOVE TO CAMEROUN: DO NOT INTOXICATE THE RESISTANCE
Who would grant us a federation? Who has proposed a federation to us that we talking of accepting a federation? You have not understood the colonial mind properly!!!!!!!! They undermine us, disdain us, simplify us, believe they can fool us forever and ever! They have never so much as even admitted that there is a problem, and now, we step down again to say we want a federation. How? How? Who would grant you that federation that you are talking about? Who? Let us bet: if they will even look at you when you talk of a federation! Such a move is a sign that we are too incapable of resisting the occupation and that it may go on.

1. There are no legal grounds for a federation. Accepting a federation means that we abandon the claim of our territory being colonized; we give Republique du Cameroon a continual claim over the AMBAZONIA (Southern Cameroons') territory. We have said over and over again that our territory is illegally occupied by Republique du Cameroun. And nothing could be more true! If we reverse course now and say we accept federation, we are virtually asking a foreign country and an occupying force to grant us a federation. This will undermine their regard for us even more! I fear that such a move will diminish even the small regard they had for us, but even worse, that they will never accept it! Even if there is a federation of 10 states, we shall only be two out of ten. When the federation was one-to-one, we never managed to get a say. How do we intend to have a say in an 8 to 2 federation?


2. Who is going to negotiate the federation or guarantee its existence? I assure you over and over again that Republique du Cameroun would never grant you any federation in which they do not retain controlling power! Such a federation will breakdown in no time. Accepting a federation that nobody has proposed to you is only a terrible sign of weakness.

3. We have a very strong case for independence, which we will obtain if we keep insisting. There is absolutely no reason to backdown from that position. It may take a little time, but it will happen.

4. In any federal parliament, they will always be the majority, and use their majority to overturn everything we agree upon or to prevent laws that favour us from being passed. And they will never accept a federation in which they have not put all mechanisms from preventing us from ever separating.

5. A federation means that Republique du Cameroun will forever have a right to bring in troops to stop any attempt of separation! Thus willfully accepting a federation is a kind of death sentence we are passing on ourselves. Remember: if we accept a federation, we cannot subsequently argue against it the way we have argued against the federation they imposed on us. And we have no power now to obtain the kind of federation that would serve our best interest!
6. Remember the 1961-1966 federation and its constitution. See the absolute terms that were put in that constitution to say that no proposal to change the federal status of the country will be accepted. What happened? They reversed it in no time. And they will, if they were ever to accept the idea of a federation, which I tell you now, they will not accept.
 


To Lead You Must be a Servant


-----Original Message-----
From: Mishe Fon [camnetwork] <camnetwork@yahoogroups.com>
To: ambasbay <ambasbay@googlegroups.com>; cameroon_politics <cameroon_politics@yahoogroups.com>; camnetwork <camnetwork@yahoogroups.com>
Cc: fakonet <fakonet@yahoogroups.com>
Sent: Thu, Dec 1, 2016 9:08 pm
Subject: [camnetwork] Re: Cameroonians in Politics - THE CONCLAVE

Mr Kemah
Did you even listen to your inner self before you wrote this? You are asking "your people" to stop a legitimate popular uprising against all manner of injustices because "you, Dr Ekema and his cohorts want to enjoy christmas festivities" and your guarantee to them is that you will call the Prime Minister (your paddyman) to present the case of an entire population? I must be the insane character here. What is really wrong with us? Honestly, I taya we people. Even that francophone buffoonish character who ran for President (to pocket his own njoh 20 million CFA bribe dished out by CPDM), Jean Djeuga would not publicly display this level o f insensitivity and would have tempered his comments with matters of such extreme importance. Talk less of a "respected" Cardiologist who will want to be taken seriously. I sincerely hope it was a bad joke.
Mishe Fon


 
From: Fred Kemah <fredkemah@hotmail.co.uk>
To: "ambasbay@googlegroups.com" <ambasbay@googlegroups.com>
Cc: "fakonet@yahoogroups.com" <fakonet@yahoogroups.com>
Sent: Thursday, December 1, 2016 6:30 AM
Subject: Cameroonians in Politics - THE CONCLAVE 


Ladies & Gentlemen,

Without going into  details of the on going STRUGGLE  for freedom & social justice in English speaking Cameroon territories, I am appealing for a BREAK. No protests, No strikes, release of all UB students for us to enjoy Christmas.

Please be reminded that our land , the English Speaking Territories is of Christian Faith. Therefore, I am asking all the various factions to display some degree of Calm . And most importantly, I will make the effort to ring the PM, the Chief Justice to release all the students currently in detention. My understanding is that they are short of  an ID. Please let family members of the detained students own up to the courts for their loved ones to be identified and released.

To my fellow diaspora residents, I must admit that there are numerous schools of thoughts on  how to go about this STRUGGLE. The vast majority advocating full blown secession( SOUTHERN CAMEROONIANS). The other minority advocating a German -Style Federal Republic( WEST CAMEROONIANS).

As an Intellectual with no political ambition( since the death of my son),  I remain convinced that we should get ourselves involved in an open , frank and honest dialogue with ourselves, including our francophone brothers. This will happen under the umbrella of a political name called " THE CONCLAVE".

The  CONCLAVE, ideally should take place in a neutral soil. Preferably , London, Brussels or Washington DC.

Like our Francophone brothers are saying, they are also experiencing frustrations from this administration. Therefore, it is a nice idea to come up as a united front ahead of the conclave. Details of the conclave will be circulated in due course. In the interim , representatives of the various professional bodies on the ground including frontline activists  taking part in the STRUGGLE will be invited to attend for the CONCLAVE.

Strategic discrepancies in this  STRUGGLE  ie   some for federalism, others for independence indirectly reflects a high risk of blood shed if we fail to congregate before the head of state leaves power following a natural course.

In summary, I am pleading for us to be calm and focused. The BREXIT & US  presidential results have fuelled domestic violence and hatred in some households. This should not be our portion. The risk of a full blown civil war after a longstanding regime is very likely according to statistics. Let us be wise and work towards this  CONCLAVE.

Happy peaceful and no protest  XMAS.

Please give this contribution a wider audience and to our francophone brothers.

Thanks.

Papa Fred
London.

 



  November 2016 
 
 President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda 

"The AU needs to put out a "Monroe doctrine" of sorts to all and sundry. Otherwise, the present African leaders will have let down Africa like the pre-colonial chiefs did between 1400 and 1900 when the European imperialists slowly penetrated Africa while these chiefs could not unite to defend us against the slave trade and colonialism."  
 


 
President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda Speaks: 
CASUALTIES OF WESTERN "NEO-IMPERIALISM" AND AFRICAN WEAKNESS
 
In recent months, two western ruling groups have suffered defeat in the elections. Although it is not the culture of Africans to talk about other people's "houses" (internal affairs of other people), I feel compelled to comment on the events in the USA, Britain and Hungary in recent times because they are somehow connected with Africa and the Middle East.
 
In the month of June, our friend David Cameron suffered a defeat in the UK in a Referendum as to whether to remain in the EU or not.  In the month of October, the Government of Hungary called a Referendum against immigration to the chagrin of elements of the elite in Europe where the voters rejected the refugee policy of the EU and, recently, Mr. Trump won the election in the USA against our longtime friend, Hillary Clinton. Although Hillary won the popular vote, Mr. Trump won the Electoral College vote.  That is their system which we must respect.
 
Although there are other reasons that we outsiders cannot easily know, there is one factor that has turned into a curse for the perpetrators. This is the factor of conducting wars of aggression against Sovereign States that are, moreover, members of the UN.  In the last 16 years, since the attack on the twin-towers, in New York in the year 2001, the USA and the other western countries have attacked Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya.  Of these wars by the West against Independent and Sovereign States, two were clearly wars of aggression; they were unjust wars. 
 
It is only the war in Afghanistan that was a just War because some confused group, called Al-Quaeda, intoxicated with religious chauvinism, had carried out aggression against the USA.  It was correct that the USA responded and dislodged the Talibans and their allies, Alquaeda, from Afghanistan.  We all supported this.

It is the other attacks that were wrong and unjust.  These were the attacks on Iraq and Libya. In the case of Iraq, it was said that they had weapons of mass destruction (nuclear, biological and chemical).  In the end, those weapons were not there.   In any case, who is supposed to have the weapons of mass destruction and who is supposed not to and why?
 
Why doesn't the world concentrate on getting rid of those dangerous weapons rather than waging wars to maintain monopoly over those criminal and cowardly weapons?  Why do some countries want to maintain monopoly over those criminal and cowardly weapons? 
 
In the case of Libya, it was because Gaddaffi was about to launch a counter-attack to recapture the City of Benghazi in an internal civil war. It was to "protect" the "people" against the "regime" ─ the same imperialist arguments that were used in the last-but-one century ("spreading civilization", etc). 
 
Cameron was about to add Syria to the list, when the UK Parliament rejected his efforts in 2013. In the end, these wars of aggression against Sovereign States, have generated human catastrophes that have few equals in the history of the world. 
 
I, certainly, did not know that there were 1.5 million Christians in Iraq (2003).  Since the 2003 Iraq war, Iraq Christians have been relocated to Syria. Currently, apparently, there are 275,000 Christians in Iraq; 500,000 Yazidis in Iraq; 2.9 million Christians in Syria, etc.
 
Until the recent upheavals in those areas, these Christians and Yazidis were living in these areas.  The authoritarian regimes of the area notwithstanding, those groups were living there quietly.  Hundreds of thousands of refugees started heading for Europe. 
 
In the USA, there was talk of allowing in the Syrian refugees.  Both the movement of refugees into the EU and the talk of them coming to the USA, generated a backlash from some of the locals, not without justification. With different and conflicting cultures, big infusion of refugees into countries, can, in the long run, create conflicts.
 
In Uganda, we allow refugees from Africa because they are part of the Bantu, Nilotic or Cushitic communities that are already part of Uganda. In fact, you cannot easily tell the difference between these African refugees on the one hand and the Ugandans on the other.
Middle Eastern and African groups flooding into Europe and the USA, could have a different impact.
 
Cynically speaking, though, the USA and EU should not complain about Africans and Arabs flooding into those countries as refugees.  They are the ones that had invaded our countries as imperialists, in the first place. 
 
The USA was built by African slaves.  Be that as it may, the promoters of attacks in the Middle East and North Africa, provoked a human exodus that has caused the backlash bringing down Mr. Cameron and Mrs. Clinton.
 
Although immigration is not the only reason that brought down those groups, it is certainly one of them.  The question then, is: "Were these deliberate imperialist designs or were they just mistakes?"  The Western countries and Africa need to scrutinize this issue and come up with correct answers.
 
When I was in Germany in the month of June, journalists from the Newspaper Die Spiegal asked me the following question: "Last year, 1.3 million refugees came to Germany, mainly from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan, but also from Africa. Many believe this is only the beginning of an exodus to Europe.  
 
What do you suggest to stop this wave of migrants?" I answered the questioner that I could not answer that question at that time. I knew that it was a delicate problem for people like Mrs. Clinton who had been involved in the attack on Libya that had turned into such a disaster. 
 
I am now released from that obligation. That is why I have written this missive.
 
The present African leaders are, however, also co-guilty in this matter. We should never have allowed external powers to attack any part of the African soil without our permission.
 
I had fought Gaddafi two times: 1972 and 1979.  I needed no lectures on the positive and negative points of Gaddafi.  However, to allow the former colonial countries to attack any portion of Africa without a response from us, was betrayal. 
 
To be fair to the African leaders, one could say that we were taken by surprise.  Even me, I did not believe that Western leaders could be so reckless as to do what they did in Libya. 
 
However, attack Libya, they did. What is the contingency for the future and how do we rescue Libya?  We recently had a meeting in Addis Ababa and told all and sundry that AU intends to rescue Libya and we also made it clear that future attacks on African soil without coordinating with AU are not acceptable, to put it mildly. Can Africa defend African soil?  Very much so.
 
 In the 1960s, a few frontline States ─ Tanzania, Zambia and Botswana ─ supported by the socialist countries and working with the Liberation Movements in the occupied African countries, defeated Portugal in Mozambique and Angola, Ian Smith in Zimbabwe and, eventually, the South African racist regime which had manufactured nuclear weapons to intimidate us, as well as its colonial government in Namibia (SWA).
 
All these colonial dictatorships (in Angola, Mozambique, Rhodesia ─ Zimbabwe, Namibia ─ SWA and South Africa), were either supported or encouraged by some of the Western countries.
 
The other countries that stood with the Liberation Movements were Algeria, Egypt and Guinea-Conakry; even Nigeria, under the Military Government, took a patriotic position. Africa today, the weaknesses notwithstanding, is much more capable than we were in the 1960s. 
 
The problem is lack of consistent unity.  Lack of cohesion is Africa's problem.  When the USA was still young, in 1823, one of their Presidents, James Monroe, in order to shield the Americas from the rapacious European countries, promulgated the Monroe doctrine which stated: "Further efforts by European nations to take control of any independent state in North or South America would be viewed as 'the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition toward the United States'.
 
At the same time, the doctrine noted that the U.S. would recognize and not interfere with existing European colonies nor meddle in the internal concerns of European countries".  
 
The AU needs to put out a "Monroe doctrine" of sorts to all and sundry. Otherwise, the present African leaders will have let down Africa like the pre-colonial chiefs did between 1400 and 1900 when the European imperialists slowly penetrated Africa while these chiefs could not unite to defend us against the slave trade and colonialism.
 
Before the Western countries killed Gaddaffi, Libya, in spite of its small population of only 6 million people, had the second biggest amount of electricity in the whole of Africa after South Africa and was becoming a big source of investments for the rest of Africa as well as a market for African products.  Hundreds of thousands of Africans were also working in Libya during that time.
 
The destruction of Libya has also led to terrorist groups invading Mali, Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger, etc. Why should Africa tolerate such disruption on her territory caused, in part, by foreigners? That was one reason Uganda intervened in Somalia.  We could not tolerate the importation of the Middle Eastern nonsense of intolerance, allegedly on "behalf of God", into Africa. 
 
We had to let those confused people know that Africa has its owners, the Africans.  The same message needs to be sent to the Western aggressors. Our Lord's Prayer says in part:"Thou shalt not lead us into temptation but deliver us from evil".  Africans should not tempt greedy or confused foreigners into the temptation of interfering with us by being weak.  
 
I cannot end this missive without talking about the foreign agents that masquerade as freedom fighters. This is a subject I talk about with a lot of authority. Freedom fighters do not need foreign fighters to fight for them. They fight for themselves.  Who fought for us? 
 
Genuine Revolutions do not need foreign invasions. Who caused the Russian Revolution in 1917?  Who caused the victory of the Chinese Revolution in 1949?  Who caused the changes in the Soviet Union?  Who has caused the recent Trump victory in the USA?  Which foreign actors caused the victory of the Brexit vote in the UK?
 
Who caused the Iranian revolution in 1979? Did foreigners cause these changes? Not at all. On the contrary, the foreigners, in the majority of them, tried to stop these changes but failed. Therefore, the adventurism of some groups in the West, should not be camouflaged as fighting for freedom.
 
Many of the stooges of foreign interests or local oppressors spend a lot of time looking for foreign sponsors rather than looking for ways of how to reconcile with their own people.
 
That is the litmus paper test for pseudo-freedomism. Authentic freedom fighters will sustain themselves even if they do not have external support. They certainly do not need foreign troops.  Pseudo ─ freedom fighters, on the other hand, are always calling for foreigners to interfere in their affairs.
 
It is a vote of no confidence in oneself to call for foreigners to fight for you?  It is, therefore, wrong for foreigners to eagerly rush into local situations in support of local stooges or opportunists. 
 
Those foreigners become part of the problem and not part of the solution. Local factions should be encouraged to reach compromise rather than getting foreign sponsors to suppress and ignore their domestic rivals.
 
Anyway, for now, the adventures of the Western countries into North-Africa and the Middle-East, have caused human disasters in those target areas but also political casualties in the countries of the aggressors, not to mention the nationalist backlash against "Western liberalism".  "Whatever a man sows, that is what he will reap", it says in the Book of Galatians, Chapter 6, verse 7.
Yoweri Kaguta Museveni Gen(rtd)

 



 




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